Electricity: International Trade

The electricity transmission network is central to the global market. As a source that is hard to accumulate, electricity, when bought abroad, forces a country to maintain an efficient network of power lines to carry it without losses or voltage drops.
The purchase of electricity is articulated in relation to the presence of raw energy in each country and the political choices made in the energy sector. Thus, nations that have decided to focus on nuclear power, for example, often have a surplus to sell abroad.
Electricity remains a source that is largely consumed internally.

  • EIA (US Energy Information Administration), International Energy Statistics [Last accessed 21 February 2022];
  • ITC (International Trade Centre), Trade Map [Last accessed 21 February 2022];
Electricity Top Exporters